Physical and chemical aspects of the study of clusters, nanostructures and nanomaterials
Founded at 2009

Editor’s column

Lubricant properties of nanodisperse magnetic oils based on novel technical liquids

Abstract: The paper presents the results of studying properties of magnetic lubricating oils synthesized based on fluoroorganic fluids and triethanol. The lubricating properties of oils were determined in the boundary friction mode under medium and high contact pressures. It is shown that magnetic oils based on perfluoropolyether have higher lubricating properties than oils based on other fluids, especially in the medium load range. The anti-wear properties and aggregative stability of oil begin to deteriorate sharply at temperatures exceeding 150°С. The use of perfluoropolyether liquid as an additive to oil made it possible to improve the antiwear properties of magnetic oil at medium and high contact pressures. The lubricating properties of magnetic oils based on triethanolamine are approximately the same as those of magnetic oils based on siloxanes, but worse than those of traditional non-magnetic oils. In terms of tribological properties, the studied magnetic oils are comparable to traditional plastic and liquid lubricants. The fact that magnetic oils have magnetic properties that are anomalous for liquids expands the area of their effective application significantly.

Nanosimensional effect changes in the surface roughness of a magnetostriction nature

Abstract: In this paper, we studied the changes in the topography of the surface of a part made of magnetostrictive magnetoplast under the influence of a magnetic field. Theoretical analysis has shown that in composite materials when using magnetostrictive particles with a dispersion of 10-4÷10-6 m, a change in the surface roughness parameters is possible in the range of 10-7÷10-9 m, depending on the magnetostrictive constants of the filler. Local changes in the topography of the magnetoplast surface in a magnetic field with a strength of about 560 kA/m are experimentally determined, and an assessment is made of the integral changes characterizing the surface as a whole. For the experiment, a composite material containing a powder of TeFe2 material with a uniquely high linear magnetostriction (λs = 2∙103) was chosen. It has been established that the effect of the nanoroughness surface changing is especially pronounced for relatively smooth surfaces and depends on the composition, concentration, size, and orientation of the microfine magnetic filler. For the studied surfaces of magnetoplasts, the change in the height parameters of roughness exceeds 5%. In absolute terms, the change in the topography of the surface is tens of nanometers. In precision engineering, the detected effect can be used to control frictional characteristics, in particular, to change the friction force without contact, control the flow of small doses of various reactive gases, and change the dynamics of wetting processes of solid surfaces.

Development of a manual extruder for liposome homogenization

Abstract: Medications using liposomes are of great interest in pharmaceuticals. They increase the therapeutic index of the drug by enclosing the medicinal substance inside a biocompatible lipid envelope, which releases the solution only in the required area. Such drugs have already shown their effectiveness in the treatment of diseases related to oncology, dermatology, neurology, surgery, etc. To use liposomes for these purposes, it is necessary that their size be in the range from 50 to 200 nm. There are several ways to create vesicles of this size, but mostly they use either ultrasound exposure to a liposome solution or extrusion. The extrusion method is a method that allows to obtain the most homogeneous solution from liposomal particles. For extrusion, a special device – an extruder is required. It is a system that passes a liposomal solution under pressure through a filter with a certain pore size. In this paper, the process of liposome extrusion, types of liposomal extruders are considered and their pros and cons are evaluated, a model of a manual extruder capable of homogenizing up to 20 ml of solution was also developed. Different materials were considered and used for the construction of this device. The inspection of the extruder showed its operability and showed the advantages of using extrusion compared to the ultrasound exposure method.

Influence of deformation on the microsructure and magneic properties of Heusler alloys

Abstract: This paper presents the results of studies of the effects of deformation obtained by the method of multiple isothermal forging on the microstructure and magnetic properties of the NiMnGa alloy system. It is shown that the microstructure of the initial alloy during deformation undergoes changes, grain size decreases and a two-component structure is formed. The magnetic domain structure of the original and deformed alloys was visualized by magnetic force microscopy. It is shown that the distortion of the domain shape is associated with the presence of a martensitic relief and grain boundaries, 180-degree magnetic domains are continuous within the crystallites, while they cross the flat parallel boundaries of the martensite plates. The study of temperature and field magnetization dependences of the initial and isothermal forging samples demonstrates an insignificant magnetization decrease and a shift of the phase transition temperature toward low temperatures. It’s concluded that deformation by the isothermal forging method can be considered as a way to correct the phase transition temperature in NiMnGa alloys with preservation of magnetization.