Polymerization by interaction α-haloacrylic acids with tertiary amines
Yu.A. Malkanduev1, A.A. Kokoevа1, A.T. Dzhalilov2
1 Kabardino-Balkarian State University named after H.M. Berbekov
2 Tashkent Research Institute of Chemical Technology
Abstract: The results of spontaneous polymerization of α -chloroacrylic and α -bromoacrylic acids with tertiary amines at a low temperature are presented. As a result of spontaneous polymerization during the interaction of α -halodacrylic acids with tertiary amines, polymers containing quaternary ammonium groups are formed. In order to confirm this assumption, nuclear magnetic resonance and infrared spectroscopic studies of the products of the spontaneous polymerization were carried out. Spontaneous polymerization proceeds, consisting of two stages: the quaternization reaction and the polymerization reaction. The kinetic regularities of the polymerization reaction were studied and it was shown that the quaternization reaction, which is the limiting stage of the spontaneous polymerization process, proceeds according to the SN2–mechanism. It has described the first attempts to obtain new nanocomposite materials based on synthesized copolymers and modified montmorillonite. Analysis of the literature data shows that the features of the preparation of nanocomposites based on Na+–montmorillonite and water-soluble copolymers have not been previously studied.
Keywords: polyelectrolytes, chloroacrylic acid, bromoacrylic acid, spontaneous polymerization, polymerization kinetics, quaternary ammonium salts, composite
- Yusuf A. Malkanduev – Dr. Sc., Professor, Department of Organic Chemistry and High Molecular Compounds, Kabardino-Balkarian State University named after H.M. Berbekov
- Aneta A. Kokoevа – Ph. D., Research and Innovation Management Employee, Kabardino-Balkarian State University named after H.M. Berbekov
- Аbdulakhat T. Dzhalilov – Dr. Sc., Professor, Director, Tashkent Research Institute of Chemical Technology
Malkanduev, Yu.A. Polymerization by interaction α-haloacrylic acids with tertiary amines / Yu.A. Malkanduev, A.A. Kokoevа, A.T. Dzhalilov // Physical and chemical aspects of the study of clusters, nanostructures and nanomaterials. — 2021. — I. 13. — P. 890-899. DOI: 10.26456/pcascnn/2021.13.890. (In Russian).
Full article (in Russian): download PDF file
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