On the possibility of controlling the band gap in graphene
Z.A. Akhmatov1, Z.A. Akhmatov2,1
1 Kabardino-Balkarian State University named after H.M. Berbekov
2 Southern Mathematical Institute of the Vladikavkaz Scientific Center of the RAS
Abstract: Using first principles calculations, the possibility of controlling the electronic band structure of the single-layer graphene was investigated. It is shown that when potassium atoms are adsorbed on the graphene surface, an energy gap appears in its electronic spectrum. It was also observed that the band gap strongly depends on the number of adsorbed atoms, namely, with an increase in the number of adsorbed atoms, the band gap in graphene can either increase or disappear. For example, when there is one potassium atom per 32 carbon atoms in the graphene lattice, the band gap is ΔE = 0,1 eV. An increase in the number of potassium atoms to two leads to disappearance of the energy gap, while for three potassium atoms ΔE = 0,22 eV. It should also be noted that the appearance of a band gap during adsorption does not break the symmetry of the graphene sublattices. This observation seems interesting to us, since according to many authors, it is the break of the sublattices symmetry that is the main reason for the appearance of a band gap in graphene.
Keywords: graphene, electronic band structure, ab initio calculations, adsorption, alkali metal atoms
- Zeitun A. Akhmatov – Ph. D., Senior Researcher, Department of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Kabardino-Balkarian State University named after H.M. Berbekov
- Zarif A. Akhmatov – 3th year postgraduate student, Southern Mathematical Institute of the Vladikavkaz Scientific Center of the RAS, engineer Kabardino-Balkarian State University named after H.M. Berbekov
Akhmatov, Z.A. On the possibility of controlling the band gap in graphene / Z.A. Akhmatov, Z.A. Akhmatov // Physical and chemical aspects of the study of clusters, nanostructures and nanomaterials. — 2022. — I. 14. — P. 277-283. DOI: 10.26456/pcascnn/2022.14.277. (In Russian).
Full article (in Russian): download PDF file
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