Physical and chemical aspects of the study of clusters, nanostructures and nanomaterials
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The effect of the nanodisperse phase of magnetic oils on their lubricating properties

А.N. Bolotov, O.O. Novikova

Tver State Technical University

DOI: 10.26456/pcascnn/2022.14.XXX

Original article

Abstract: The work is devoted to the study of processes occurring in the boundary lubricant layer, in which nanodisperse magnetic particles play a decisive or significant role. The friction between metal surfaces with lubricated oils of different concentrations of the magnetic nanodisperse phase was studied. The dispersion medium of magnetic oils consisted of liquids with various physico-chemical properties: dioctylsebacinate, triethanolamine, polyethylsiloxane. It has been shown that the wear intensity of surfaces with a hardness higher than that of nanoparticles monotonically increases with increasing the particle concentration, and wear is abrasive in nature. The wear rate of softer materials passes through a minimum at a particle concentration of about 2 vol.%. Magnetic separation of large agglomerates in oil allows for some time to reduce the abrasive wear until they are formed again under friction conditions. It was not possible to identify the regularities of the influence of nanodispersed particles on the friction force, it is probably insignificant. Several examples of the indirect effect of nanodispersed particles on the boundary friction are considered. In all the examples, the determining role plays huge area of the active surface of particles per unit volume of oil. For example, under conditions of friction, atomic hydrogen can be actively formed during the chemical interaction of fatty acids with the surface. Atomic hydrogen accumulates in the subsurface pores and is crystallized there. The increased pressure in the pores created by hydrogen molecules leads to an increase in wear by the peeling mechanism. The established regularities of the influence of nanodispersed particles on the rate of formation of the boundary lubricant layer and the corrosion wear of surfaces caused by surface-active additives in magnetic oil are of scientific interest.

Keywords: nanodisperse particles, magnetic oil, grease, friction, wear

  • Alexander N. Bolotov – Dr. Sc., Professor, Head of the Applied Physics Department, Tver State Technical University
  • Olga O. Novikova – Ph. D., Docent, Docent of the Applied Physics Department, Tver State Technical University

Reference:

Bolotov, А.N. The effect of the nanodisperse phase of magnetic oils on their lubricating properties / А.N. Bolotov, O.O. Novikova // Physical and chemical aspects of the study of clusters, nanostructures and nanomaterials. – Tver: TSU, 2022. — I. 14. — P. ___-___. DOI: 10.26456/pcascnn/2022.14.XXX. (In Russian).

Full article (in Russian): download PDF file

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