Physical and chemical aspects of the study of clusters, nanostructures and nanomaterials
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Phase composition, substructure and residual macrostresses in the surface layer of a tape obtained by electric contact welding

A.I. Fomin, N.A. Pan'kin

Ogarev Mordovia State University

DOI: 10.26456/pcascnn/2021.13.802

Original article

Abstract: The surface layer of DI50-2 cast iron after its processing by electric contact welding has been investigated by methods of X-ray diffraction and electron microscopy. A 50HVA steel strip was used as a filler material. Processing technologies were used with the creation of an intermediate layer of nickel powder PC-12N-01 and without it. Results on phase composition, substructure and residual stresses are obtained. The system under study consists of α–Fe and γ–Fe phases. Substructure parameters (microstrain and block refinement) have the same values for different modes of electrical contact welding. Residual stresses are of a tensile nature and decrease when an intermediate layer of nickel powder material is created. The main mechanism of their formation is thermal effects on the material processed by electrocontact welding. Cracks may form after electrical contact welding of the tape. They are oriented mainly parallel to the surface to be treated and are due to the presence of a large temperature gradient.

Keywords: electrical contact welding, phase composition, microstrains, size of subblocks, macrostresses

  • Andrey I. Fomin – Ph. D., Docent, Department of Technical Service of Machines, Ogarev Mordovia State University
  • Nikolay A. Pan'kin – Ph. D., Docent, Department of Solid State Physics, Ogarev Mordovia State University


Fomin, A.I. Phase composition, substructure and residual macrostresses in the surface layer of a tape obtained by electric contact welding / A.I. Fomin, N.A. Pan'kin // Physical and chemical aspects of the study of clusters, nanostructures and nanomaterials. – Tver: TSU, 2021. — I. 13. — P. 802-808. DOI: 10.26456/pcascnn/2021.13.802. (In Russian).

Full article (in Russian): download PDF file


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