Physical and chemical aspects of the study of clusters, nanostructures and nanomaterials
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Dynamics of response of a sensor based on a nanostructured tin dioxide layer exposed to the isopropanol vapors

N.A. Klychkov, V.V. Simakov, I.V. Sinev, D.A. Timoshenko

Saratov State University

DOI: 10.26456/pcascnn/2021.13.708

Original article

Abstract: Nanostructured gas-sensitive tin dioxide films have been synthesized by sol-gel technology. A conductivity vs temperature dependence of a gas sensor into atmosphere of synthetic air has been investigated. A response vs temperature dependence of a gas sensor into atmosphere of isopropanol vapors with various concentrations has been investigated. Local minimum on the temperature dependence of the tin dioxide film conductivity in clean air atmosphere were observed. A decrease in conductivity with increase temperature in the range of 300…350 °C can be associated with a dissociation molecular form of the adsorbed oxygen. At temperatures above 350 °C, conductivity increases because of desorption of the atomic form of the adsorbed oxygen on the surface of gas-sensitive tin dioxide film. The greatest response value is achieved at a sensor temperature equal to 350 °C. It is proposed that the reason is a domination of the atomic form of the chemisorbed oxygen on the surface. The analysis of response time vs concentration and response time vs temperature of gas sensor has been carried out. Sensor response time decreases monotonically with increase admixture substance in gas-probes, apparently because of increase in adsorption rate admixture particles on the surface of gas-sensitive film. It was found that the dependence of the response time on the operating temperature has an Arrhenius form. This may be associated with thermally activated adsorption-desorption processes and heterogeneous chemical reactions on the surface of sensor active layer.

Keywords: sol-gel method, nanostructured films, tin dioxide, gas sensor response time

  • Nikita A. Klychkov – graduate student, Materials Sciences and Technologies and Quality Management Departmen, Saratov State University
  • Viacheslav V. Simakov – Dr. Sc., Professor, Materials Sciences and Technologies and Quality Management Departmen, Saratov State University
  • Ilya V. Sinev – Ph. D., Associate Professor, Materials Sciences and Technologies and Quality Management Department, Saratov State University
  • Dmitrii A. Timoshenko – postgraduate student, Materials Sciences and Technologies and Quality Management Department, Saratov State University

Reference:

Klychkov, N.A. Dynamics of response of a sensor based on a nanostructured tin dioxide layer exposed to the isopropanol vapors / N.A. Klychkov, V.V. Simakov, I.V. Sinev, D.A. Timoshenko // Physical and chemical aspects of the study of clusters, nanostructures and nanomaterials. – Tver: TSU, 2021. — I. 13. — P. 708-716. DOI: 10.26456/pcascnn/2021.13.708. (In Russian).

Full article (in Russian): download PDF file

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