Physical and chemical aspects of the study of clusters, nanostructures and nanomaterials
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Comparative analysis of the properties of sodium niobate and sodium – lithium niobate ceramics

O.V. Malyshkina, K.V. Patsuev, A.I. Ivanova, M. Ali

Tver State University

DOI: 10.26456/pcascnn/2021.13.278

Original article

Abstract: The authors studied the effect of the temperature of sodium niobate synthesis on the state ofpolarization in c eramic samples of pure sodium niobate and modified with lithium. A comparative study of the structure and pyroelectric properties of the obtained samples has been carried out. It is shown that the introduction of lithium as a modifier leads to a significant change in the structure in the depth of ceramic samples based on sodium niobate. If in the depth of the pure sodium niobate samples, as well as on the surface, there are individual grains, then the central part of the sodium niobate- lithium niobate ceramics is a continuous mass in which individual grains are not observed. In all samples, except for pure sodium niobate, which was synthesized by double synthesis (the first at 650 °C, the second at 700 °C), the existence of a polarization gradient along the thickness of the samples was established. The gradient is directed from the side corresponding to the positive end of the polarization vector to the side corresponding to the negative end of the polarization vector.

Keywords: piezoelectric ceramics, lead-free materials, pyroelectric effect, spontaneous polarization, grain structure

  • Olga V. Malyshkina – Dr. Sc., Full Professor, Head of the Department of Dissertation Councils and Doctorate Studies, Scientific Research Department, Tver State University
  • Kirill V. Patsuev – 2nd year postgraduate student, Tver State University
  • Alexandra I. Ivanova – Ph. D., Docent, Applied Physic Department, Tver State University
  • Mais . Ali – 3rd year postgraduate student, Tver State University


Malyshkina, O.V. Comparative analysis of the properties of sodium niobate and sodium – lithium niobate ceramics / O.V. Malyshkina, K.V. Patsuev, A.I. Ivanova, M.. Ali // Physical and chemical aspects of the study of clusters, nanostructures and nanomaterials. — 2021. — I. 13. — P. 278-285. DOI: 10.26456/pcascnn/2021.13.278. (In Russian).

Full article (in Russian): download PDF file


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