Physical and chemical aspects of the study of clusters, nanostructures and nanomaterials
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pKA change of saturated carboxylic acids and amines during their dimerization at the air/water interface. Quantum-chemical approach

Yu.B. Vysotsky1, E.S. Kartashynska2

1 Donetsk National Technical University
2 L.M. Litvinenko Institute of Physical Organic and Coal Chemistry

DOI: 10.26456/pcascnn/2020.12.370

Original article

Abstract: A theoretical approach to the pKA assessment for dimers of saturated carboxylic acids CnH2n+1COOH (n = 6 – 16) and amines CnH2n+1NH2 (n = 6 – 16) at the air/water interface is proposed. The model is based on calculation of the formation and dimerization Gibbs energies of the surfactants in neutral and ionized form in the water and gas phases. The calculations are done using semi-empirical quantum-chemical methods РМ3 and РМ6 within the framework of the conductor-like screening model (COSMO). It is shown that the dimer formation with one ionized and one neutral surfactant molecules is the most energetically favorable. The surface pKA value for surfactant dimers is found to depend on their surfactant chain length.

Keywords: dissociation, aliphatic amines, carboxylic acids, pKA , enthalpy, entropy, dimerization Gibbs energy, semi-empirical methods

  • Yuri B. Vysotsky – Dr. Sc., Head of Department of General, Physical and Organic Chemistry, Donetsk National Technical University
  • Elena S. Kartashynska – Dr. Sc., Researcher of Supramolecular Chemistry Department, L.M. Litvinenko Institute of Physical Organic and Coal Chemistry

Reference:

Vysotsky, Yu.B. pKA change of saturated carboxylic acids and amines during their dimerization at the air/water interface. Quantum-chemical approach / Yu.B. Vysotsky, E.S. Kartashynska // Physical and chemical aspects of the study of clusters, nanostructures and nanomaterials. – Tver: TSU, 2020. — I. 12. — P. 370-383. DOI: 10.26456/pcascnn/2020.12.370. (In Russian).

Full article (in Russian): download PDF file

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